Colonial control over Southeast Asia did cause a lot of changes in the region, but the biggest impact was the rise of commercial agriculture. The British introduced the use of a new method of farming called “ploughing” which greatly reduced the amount of time it took for crops to grow. This allowed for larger sized crops to be planted earlier in the season, which in turn allowed for better yields and higher profits.
The new method of farming was a huge success and saw the production of most of Southeast Asia’s crops double in the first century. But then, the British were driven out of Southeast Asia and it went into decline. The ploughing method was also used to kill farmers in what are now the Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand. These factors contributed to the decline of agricultural production in Southeast Asia, as well as the decline of the British presence in the region.
A lot of the problems in Southeast Asia are related to the decline of colonial rule. In particular, the decline of the British presence was a cause of the decline of agriculture in Southeast Asia. When the British left, they were replaced by the Dutch. While the Dutch were unable to stay in Southeast Asia for long, they did bring the technology of farming to the region.
In Southeast Asia, agriculture was based on a system called the “barley scheme.” The practice was successful and allowed the Dutch to monopolize the rice market in Southeast Asia. The Dutch built roads and plantations to further their expansion and control. The British replaced the Dutch and gave up the rice monopoly.
The Dutch and British had a difficult time maintaining their dominance in Southeast Asia. The British relied on colonies that were far away from the coast and could not feed themselves. The Dutch, on the other hand, relied on colonies that were closer to the coast and could provide food for themselves. When the British left, they were replaced by the Dutch.